Organic architecture is a philosophy of architecture which promotes harmony between human habitation and the natural world. This type of architecture strives to be in tune with its surroundings and often makes use of natural materials and incorporates landscaping into the design. Here are some of the key characteristics of organic architecture.
Characteristics of Organic Architecture
There are several key characteristics which are common in organic architecture:
Harmony with Nature
The goal of organic architecture is to create harmony between human dwellings and the natural world. The building should fit into its surroundings considering things such as the climate, site, culture, and resources.
This means that buildings should be designed using local materials and labor as much as possible to minimize their impact on the environment and to support the local economy.
One of the defining characteristics of organic architecture is that it is site-specific. This means that each building must be designed specifically for the site on which it will be built. The building must take into account the climate, topography, orientation, and other factors specific to that site.
Use of Renewable Materials
Sustainable or renewable materials such as bamboo, rammed earth and limestone are often used in organic architecture. These materials are environmentally friendly because they have a low impact when extracted or harvested and they can be reused or recycled.
Connection with Nature
A connection with nature is important in organic architecture. This can be accomplished in several ways such as using natural ventilation, daylighting, operable windows, living roofs, potted plants, and water features.
Passive Solar Design
To minimize the use of fossil fuels, passive solar design is often utilized in organic architecture. This includes using energy-efficient windows and insulation as well as thermal mass to store heat from the sun’s rays.
Organic architecture is a philosophy of design which seeks to create harmony between human habitation and the natural world. Buildings designed using this philosophy take their cues from nature, making use of sustainable practices and materials which blend in with their surroundings. Most importantly, organic architecture is designed with people in mind, creating spaces which encourage creativity, collaboration, and a sense of peace.